Last Friday, we talked about how artificial intelligence (AI) is, at heart, something simple: a set of rules and if-then statements. As such, AI can be very helpful in a simple environment, where relationships and rules remain constant, but it tends to stumble when those rules change. Waze, which is a great example of this, lives in a world of maps. It is very useful, but it fails when the reality doesn’t match up with the map. Any self-driving car will have to take closed roads, weather, and crazy drivers into account, which works well much of the time, but not always.

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